中国生态文明建设(中英对照)连载之四十六:面向未来的环境教育

中国生态文明建设(中英对照)连载之四十六

面向未来的环境教育

本书由北京语言大学出版社出版,2014(教学课件光盘版) 作者 蒋高明


4.5.2面向未来的环境教育

4.5.2 Environmental education for the future

20084月,一名中学生来到我的办公室,希望加入在内蒙古开展的沙地生态恢复研究。这名学生叫侯炯,来自清华大学附属中学,她是通过北京青少年基金会认识我的。在担任中国生物多样性保护基金会副秘书长期间,我经常深入中学校园开展环境讲座,并担任了北京青少年基金会“小小科学家”的校外辅导员。侯炯同学到我们的课题组,想在内蒙古开展一个治沙科学试验,参加全国举办的“小小科学家”竞赛。我安排博士研究生刘美珍指导她的试验,即利用不同生物方法控制流沙,并促进群落更新。后来,她的试验获得了成功,取得了竞赛一等奖。由于学习成绩优异,加上获得了全国性的奖励,侯炯同学后来被哈佛大学录取。

In April 2008, a middle school student came to my office hoping to join the sandy land ecological restoration research conducted in Inner Mongolia. Hou Jiong, from the High School Attached to Tsinghua University, knew me through the Beijing Youth Development Foundation. When I served as deputy secretary of the China Biodiversity Conservation Foundation, I used to go to secondary schools to attend environmental seminars , and I also acted as an extramural instructor of the “little scientist” contest of the Beijing Youth Development Foundation. In our research group, Hou Jiong wanted to carry out a scientific experiment on sandy land in Inner Mongolia, and participate in the “Little Scientist” contest organized by the country. I arranged for Dr Liu Meizhen to guide her experiment: to control quicksand by use of different biological methods and promote community regeneration. Later on, her experiment succeeded and won the first prize in the contest. Thanks to her academic excellence and national award, Hou Jiong was later admitted to Harvard University.

这是我参与环境教育的一件小事。实际上,我在科研之余,经常到各地进行环境教育讲座,去过北京大学、清华大学、台湾大学、首尔大学等海内外十几所高校,给省(部)、市(地、盟)、县、乡镇(苏木)、村(嘎查)、街道各级干部和社区群众进行生态环境、自然保护宣传培训,多达150多场,受众达3.5万多人次;我还为中学教师、中学生进行培训,包括在北京四中、北京八中、中国人民大学附中、北京八十中、北京师范大学附中、北京铁道附中、北京平谷中学、顺义杨镇一中、北京丰台二中、北京工业大学附中、昌平先锋学校等演讲30多场。像我这样关心环境教育的科学家,在中国还有很多。

This is only an example of my participation in environmental education. In fact, I often went to do environmental education seminars in different places, including more than a dozen colleges and universities at home and abroad, such as Peking University, Tsinghua University, National Taiwan University, and Seoul National University. I also gave training to cadres and community residents at all levels—provincial (ministry), city (prefectural level, league), county and township (sum), village (gacha) and streets on the ecological environment and nature conservation, on more than 150 occasions and with over 35,000 participants. I also organized more than 30 training classes for high school teachers and students, like Beijing No. 4 High School, Beijing No. 8 High School, the High School Affiliated to Renmin University of China, Beijing No. 80 High School, the High School Affiliated to Beijing Normal University, the Middle School Attached to Northern Jiaotong University, Pinggu Middle School, Yangzhen No.1 Middle School in Shunyi, Fengtai No.2 Middle School, High School Attached to Beijing University of Technology, and Changping Pioneer School. Many scientists in China care as I do about environmental education.

环境教育是以人与环境的关系为核心,通过普及环境保护知识与技能,提高人们的环境意识和环保参与能力,最终帮助每个人关心环境,参与环保,使全社会都能为生态文明做出贡献。中国政府非常重视环境教育。在各个社区,你经常能够看到有关环保的海报、宣传栏甚至涂鸦墙。北京的很多小区还分发了垃圾分类指南,我接触过的街道社区干部们,都是政府环保教育与宣传的热心工作者。

Environmental education takes the relationship between people and the environment as the core. Through disseminating environmental knowledge and skills and improving public awareness and ability to participate in environmental protection activities, we can help everyone caring about the environment and participate in environmental protection, so that the people of the whole society can be of service to the ecological civilization. The Chinese government attaches great importance to environmental education. In each community, you often see environmental posters, billboards and even graffiti walls. Many communities in Beijing have also distributed garbage classification guides. The street and community officials with whom I have contact are all enthusiastic practitioners of environmental education and promotion.

邓小平说过,教育要从娃娃抓起。中国校园环境教育开始于20世纪70年代,已经积累了丰富的经验。1987年,教育部颁布的教学大纲中强调,小学和初中要通过相关学科教育和课外活动、开设讲座等形式,进行能源、环境和生态保护的教育,有条件的学校要开设选修课。1992年,教育部颁布的新大纲中明确提出,在相关学科教学内容中要讲授环境保护知识。1996年以后,中国出现了“绿色学校”,这类学校在完成基本教育任务的基础上,在学校的日常工作中贯彻环保意识,使学生耳濡目染,在受教育的过程中养成环保习惯。

Deng Xiaoping once said that education should start with children. China’s school environmental education began in the 1970s and has already accumulated a wealth of experience. In 1987, the teaching program issued by the Ministry of Education emphasized that primary and junior secondary schools should carry out energy, environmental and ecological protection education, through related disciplines and extracurricular activities, lectures and other forms, and conditioned schools with necessary conditions may offer optional courses. In 1992, the new teaching program by the Ministry of Education clearly stated that environmental protection knowledge should be included in relevant pedagogical contents. Since 1996, “green schools” have come on the scene in China, with the objective of training students to cultivate the habit of environmental protection in their daily work, on the basis of implementing fundamental education.

毋庸置疑,通过环境教育,中国人一定会越来越关心生态环境保护,中国的生态文明建设一定能够越做越好。

Needless to say, through environmental education, Chinese people will become increasingly concerned about ecological and environmental protection, and China’s ecological civilization construction will make greater progress.




http://blog.sciencenet.cn/blog-475-1116078.html


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